Level of Strategic Planning Needs of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences Members at Benghazi University


  • Salim Ali Salim Maetoug University of Benghazi, Faculty of Arts and Sciences Qamines / Department of Administration and Educational Planning, Benghazi, Libya




This study aims to determine the level of strategic planning needs among faculty members at the faculty of Arts and Sciences Al-Abyar at Benghazi University.  It aims to assertively identify any statistically significant differences in strategic planning needs based on gender, job title, and type of degree obtained. The study utilized descriptive research and employed a questionnaire as its primary instrument. The Cronbach's Alpha coefficient of 0.90 indicates high internal consistency. The study sample consisted of 61 members from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Al-Abyar, Benghazi University, representing 60% of the study population. The study's results indicate that the level of identification of planning needs among members in the Faculty is medium. Furthermore, there were no statistically significant differences in the level of strategic planning needs of faculty members attributable to gender. Also, there were no statistically significant differences in the level of strategic planning needs among faculty members regardless of their job title or type of degree. The challenges and issues facing Benghazi University strategic plan are complex and require a multifaceted and collaborative approach from all stakeholders, including the faculty members across all colleges and research centers.


Download data is not yet available.


Albon, S. P., Iqbal, I., & Pearson, M. L. (2016). Strategic planning in an educational development centre: Motivation, management, and messiness. Collected Essays on Learning and Teaching, 9, 207-226.

Machado, M. D. L., Farhangmehr, M., & Taylor, J. S. (2004). The status of strategic planning in Portuguese higher education institutions: trappings or substance?. Higher Education Policy, 17, 383-404.

Hopkins, W. E., & Hopkins, S. A. (1997). Strategic planning–financial performance relationships in banks: a causal examination. Strategic management journal, 18(8), 635-652.

Hussein, A. M., Ahmed, M. M., & Khudari, M. Y. M. (2021). The impact of strategic planning in the university’s competitiveness according to NIAS. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 10(5), 83-83.

Stukalina, Y. (2021). Towards Innovative Education: Developing Digital Learning Strategy in a Modern University. In Reliability and Statistics in Transportation and Communication: Selected Papers from the 20th International Conference on Reliability and Statistics in Transportation and Communication, RelStat2020, 14-17 October 2020, Riga, Latvia (pp. 793-803). Springer International Publishing.

Uusizi, R. O. J. (2020). Planning and developing an online master’s in engineering management degree program (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).

Caballero, C. (2003). Strategic planning as a prerequisite to strategic marketing action in libraries and information agencies. The Acquisitions Librarian, 14(28), 33-59.

Harahap, A. et, all, Macrozoobenthos diversity as anbioindicator of the water quality in the Sungai Kualuh Labuhanbatu Utara, AACL Bioflux, 2022, Vol 15, Issue 6.

Alzahmi, R. A. (2016). Managers' perceptions of strategic workforce planning and organizational alignment: A single case analysis. The Pennsylvania State University.

Poister, T. H. (2010). The future of strategic planning in the public sector: Linking strategic management and performance. Public administration review, 70, s246-s254.

Fumasoli, T. (2020). Strategic planning in higher education. In The International Encyclopedia of Higher Education Systems and Institutions (pp. 2587-2592). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Al-Mahdi, O. (2023). Exploring Assistant Principals’ Views on Parental Involvement in Bahraini Primary Education. Gulf Education and Social Policy Review (GESPR), 76-106.

Grant, R. M. (2021). Contemporary strategy analysis. John Wiley & Sons.

Williams, J., Dearie, T. N., & Schottlaender, B. E. C. (2013). Bottom-up strategic planning: the uc san diego libraries experience. Library Leadership &Amp; Management, 27(3).

Stensaker, B., & Hermansen, H. (2023). Global, Nordic, or institutional visions? An investigation into how Nordic universities are adapting to the SDGs. Higher Education, 1-17.

Arend, R. J., Zhao, Y. L., Song, M., & Im, S. (2017). Strategic planning as a complex and enabling managerial tool. Strategic Management Journal, 38(8), 1741-1752.

Dlamini, N., Mazenda, A., Masiya, T., & Nhede, N. T. (2019)

Giraudou, A., & Mclarney, C. (2014). Benefits and challenges to strategic planning in public institutions. SDMIMD Journal of Management, 5(1), 3-13.

Steiss, A. W. (2019). Strategic management for public and nonprofit organizations. Routledge.

Williams, D. A. (2021). Strategic planning in higher education: a simplified b-var model. International Journal of Educational Management, 35(6), 1205-1220.

Di Nauta, P., Iannuzzi, E., Milone, M., & Nigro, C. (2020). The impact of the sustainability principles on the strategic planning and reporting of universities. An exploratory study on a qualified Italian sample. Sustainability, 12(18), 7269.

Johnsen,Å.(2023).Strategic planning in turbulent times:Still useful?.Public Policy and Administration,38(4), 445-465.

George, B., Walker, R. M., & Monster, J. (2019). Does strategic planning improve organizational performance? A meta‐analysis. Public Administration Review, 79(6), 810-819.

Philbert l. Vumilia )2020) leveraging the strategic planning process to advance excellence in universities: Int. J. Adv. Res. 8(11), 15-33.

Lumby, J. (1999). Strategic planning in further education. Educational Management &Amp; Administration, 27(1), 71-83.

Bryson, J. M. (2018). Strategic planning for public and nonprofit organizations: A guide to strengthening and sustaining organizational achievement. John Wiley & Sons.

Aas, C., Ladkin, A., & Fletcher, J. (2005). Stakeholder collaboration and heritage management. Annals of tourism research, 32(1), 28-48.

Kabui, A. C. W., Machuki, V. N., Yabs, J., & Njihia, J. (2018). Strategic planning process intensity and formality impact on the performance of accredited universities in kenya. International Journal of Business and Management, 13(9), 153.

Illeris,K.(2018).Lifelong learning and the low-skilled. In Learning,Development and Education(pp.84-97). Routledge.

Ramos-Monge, E. L., Llinàs-Audet, X., & Barrena-Martínez, J. (2019). Drivers and barriers of University Social Responsibility: integration into strategic plans. World review of entrepreneurship, management and sustainable development, 15(1-2), 174-201.

Harahap, A. P. Hrp, N.K.A.R.Dewi, Macrozoobenthos diversity as anbioindicator of the water quality in the River Kualuh Labuhanbatu Utara, International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 9(4), 2020, pp. 179-183.

Yip, G. S. (1985). Who needs strategic planning? Journal of Business Strategy, 6(2), 30-42.

David, F. R., Creek, S. A., & David, F. R. (2019). What is the key to effective SWOT analysis, including AQCD factors. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 84(1), 25-32.‏

Goldman, C. A., & Salem, H. (1992). Strategic Planning. A Development Handbook: Promoting Philanthropy at Independent Schools.

Farhoodi, R., Gharakhlou-N, M., Ghadami, M., & Khah, M. P. (2009). A critique of the prevailing comprehensive urban planning paradigm in Iran:The need for strategic planning. Planning Theory, 8(4),335-361.

Mahdi, O. R.,Nassar,I.A.,&Almsafir,M.K.(2019).Knowledge management processes and sustainable competitive advantage:An empirical examination in private universities. Journal of business research,94,320-334.

Lim, M. A., & Williams Øerberg, J. (2017). Active instruments: on the use of university rankings in developing national systems of higher education. Policy Reviews in Higher Education, 1(1), 91-108.

Pincus, K. V., Stout, D. E., Sorensen, J. E., Stocks, K. D., & Lawson, R. A. (2017). Forces for change in higher education and implications for the accounting academy. Journal of Accounting Education, 40, 1-18.

Ii, J. F. W. (2012). Strategic Planning in Higher Education: Implementing New Roles for the Academic Library. Routledge.

Bassa, A. B. (2015). The Practice of Strategic Planning and Strategy Implementation in Public Universities of Ethiopia. Educational Planning, 22(2), 17-34.

Ohene, J. B., & Essuman, S. O. (2014). Challenges faced by distance education students of the University of Education, Winneba: Implications for strategic planning. Journal of Education and Training, 1(2), 156-176.

Harahap, Arman ,2018, Macrozoobenthos diversity as bioindicator of water quality in the Bilah river, Rantauprapat, Medan. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1116 052026.

Sywelem, M. M. G., & Makhlouf, A. M. E. (2023). Common Challenges of Strategic Planning for Higher Education in Egypt. American Journal of Educational Research, 11(6), 430-439.

Abraheem, M. K. (2022). The impact of strategic planning on improving job satisfaction: a case study of university of misan. Akkad Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 1(1), 18-38.

Al-Awawdeh, W. M. (2017). Strategic planning and innovation: a case study of jordan university of science and technology. International Business Research, 10(9), 159. https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v10n9p159.




How to Cite

Ali Salim Maetoug, S. . (2024). Level of Strategic Planning Needs of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences Members at Benghazi University. International Journal of Educational Research &Amp; Social Sciences, 5(2), 323–334. https://doi.org/10.51601/ijersc.v5i2.809